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Proceedings Paper

In-depth analysis of solvent effects on bulk heterojunction solar cell performance
Author(s): Reihaneh Zohourian Aboutorabi; Mojtaba Joodaki; Kowsar Shahbazi
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Paper Abstract

Efficiency of an organic solar cell is very sensitive to fabrication procedure. One of the most important parameters is active layer morphology which radically influences several cell properties such as generation rate, layer resistance, charge carrier motilities etc. Meantime, in P3HT:fullerene based solar cells, using PCBM would improve the morphology and increase the cost simultaneously. On the other hand, C60 is way less expensive, but its limited solubility in common solvents would influence cell performance. To benefit from its cost and as the formation of C60 aggregates and P3HT crystallinity significantly depend on the solvent which would influence several cell properties, one should find a proper solvent. To make an in-depth investigation of solvent effects, experimental investigations will not suffice and using a precise model to fit the data and extract hidden parameters would help us to have a deep understanding of the cells physical basis. In this work, an optimization algorithm is employed to fit a numerical model simulation results with experiments and the model benefits from a field dependent series resistance. Simulation results indicate that a suitable solvent mainly improves the cell performance by changing 3 basic parameters which are G, μn and μp. Additionally, although parameters such as Eg and DC dielectric constant are very crucial in determining power conversion efficiency, they cannot be effectively improved changing the solvent. It is reported that the cell prepared by Cl-naph:CB performs better than the other cells. Considering our results, it can be attributed to its larger G, μn and μp. It also has the least Rs and the largest Rsh among all other P3HT:C60 based cells (which is caused by its higher mobility-carrier density product). This work gives experimentalists an idea of how they should choose a solvent. The results can also be generalized to find a proper solvent for other active layer materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9137, Organic Photonics VI, 913718 (1 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2052217
Show Author Affiliations
Reihaneh Zohourian Aboutorabi, Ferdowsi Univ. of Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Mojtaba Joodaki, Ferdowsi Univ. of Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Kowsar Shahbazi, Sun Air Research Institute (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9137:
Organic Photonics VI
Barry P. Rand; Chihaya Adachi; David Cheyns; Volker van Elsbergen, Editor(s)

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