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Proceedings Paper

Deterministic generation of many-photon GHZ states using quantum dots in a cavity
Author(s): Michael N. Leuenberger; Mikhail Erementchouk
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Paper Abstract

Compared to classical light sources, quantum sources based on N00N states consisting of N photons achieve an N-times higher phase sensitivity, giving rise to super-resolution.1, 2, 3 N00N-state creation schemes based on linear optics and projective measurements only have a success probability p that decreases exponentially with N,4, 5, 6 e.g. p = 4.4x10-14 for N = 20.7 Feed-forward improves the scaling but N fluctuates nondeterministically in each attempt.8, 9 Schemes based on parametric down-conversion suffer from low production efficiency and low fidelity.9 A recent scheme based on atoms in a cavity combines deterministic time evolution, local unitary operations, and projective measurements.10 Here we propose a novel scheme based on the off-resonant interaction of N photons with four semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) in a cavity to create GHZ states, also called polarization N00N states, deterministically with p = 1 and fidelity above 90% for N≤ 60, without the need of any projective measurement or local unitary operation. Using our measure we obtain maximum N-photon entanglement EN = 1 for arbitrary N. Our method paves the way to the miniaturization of N00N and GHZ-state sources to the nanoscale regime, with the possibility to integrate them on a computer chip based on semiconductor materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2014
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9123, Quantum Information and Computation XII, 91230I (28 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2050905
Show Author Affiliations
Michael N. Leuenberger, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Mikhail Erementchouk, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9123:
Quantum Information and Computation XII
Eric Donkor; Andrew R. Pirich; Howard E. Brandt; Michael R. Frey; Samuel J. Lomonaco; John M. Myers, Editor(s)

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