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Proceedings Paper

Parallax mitigation for hyperspectral change detection
Author(s): Karmon Vongsy; Michael T. Eismann; Michael J. Mendenhall; Vincent J. Velten
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Paper Abstract

A pixel-level Generalized Likelihood Ratio Test (GLRT) statistic for hyperspectral change detection is developed to mitigate false change caused by image parallax. Change detection, in general, represents the difficult problem of discriminating significant changes opposed to insignificant changes caused by radiometric calibration, image registration issues, and varying view geometries. We assume that the images have been registered, and each pixel pair provides a measurement from the same spatial region in the scene. Although advanced image registration methods exist that can reduce mis-registration to subpixel levels; residual spatial mis-registration can still be incorrectly detected as significant changes. Similarly, changes in sensor viewing geometry can lead to parallax error in an urban cluttered scene where height structures, such as buildings, appear to move. Our algorithm looks to the inherent relationship between the image views and the theory of stereo vision to perform parallax mitigation leading to a search result in the assumed parallax direction. Mitigation of the parallax-induced false alarms is demonstrated using hyperspectral data in the experimental analysis. The algorithm is examined and compared to the existing chronochrome anomalous change detection algorithm to assess performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 2014
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 9088, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XX, 90880N (13 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2050902
Show Author Affiliations
Karmon Vongsy, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Michael T. Eismann, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Michael J. Mendenhall, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Vincent J. Velten, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9088:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XX
Miguel Velez-Reyes; Fred A. Kruse, Editor(s)

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