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Proceedings Paper

Interaction of pulsed CO2 laser radiation with optical materials
Author(s): Ruediger Schmitt; Manfred Hugenschmidt; L. Geiss; E. Stechele
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Paper Abstract

Pulsed high power CO2-laser irradiation can cause damage to optical materials. Some results obtained at ISL with a repetitively pulsed CO2-laser with pulse energies up to 24 J are presented in this paper. In production facilities with CO2-lasers, optics transmitting in the visible spectral range like glass or PMMA are used as protection windows against scattered light. These materials have small skin depths for electromagnetic waves at 10,6 micrometers , typically in the order of some micrometers , so the interaction takes place in thin surface layers. Under high power laser radiation the transparency of the optics is lowered. On the other hand infrared transmitting optics like KCl or ZnSe show a low intrinsic absorption for CO2-laser radiation. Theoretical estimations matching with the experimental observations showed, however, that strong heating occurs, if a thin layer of inhomogeneities, typically some micrometers thick, is included in the surrounding material with slightly higher absorption than the surrounding lowless material. Under these assumptions the thermally induced stress inside the materials can explain the experimentally observed mechanical damage. Besides these thermal damage effects mechanical momenta are transferred by pulsed laser radiation to the optics. Experimental results as obtained by a ballistic pendulum are reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 March 1995
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2502, Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers: Tenth International Symposium, (31 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.204890
Show Author Affiliations
Ruediger Schmitt, Deutsch-Franzoesisches Forschungsinstitut (France)
Manfred Hugenschmidt, Deutsch-Franzoesisches Forschungsinstitut (France)
L. Geiss, Deutsch-Franzoesisches Forschungsinstitut (France)
E. Stechele, Deutsch-Franzoesisches Forschungsinstitut (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2502:
Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers: Tenth International Symposium
Willy L. Bohn; Helmut Huegel, Editor(s)

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