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Proceedings Paper

Biological entities isolated from the stratosphere (22-27km): case for their space origin
Author(s): Milton Wainwright; Christopher E. Rose; Alexander J. Baker; N. Chandra Wickramasinghe
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Paper Abstract

Biological entities were isolated at a height of between 22-27 km in the stratosphere. Sampling of this region was carried out in the UK in July 2013 using a relatively simple low-cost balloon-borne sampler carrying aseptically clean scanning electron microscope stubs onto which aerosols were directly captured. The entities varied from a presumptive colony of ultra-small bacteria to two unusual individual organisms - part of a diatom frustule and a 200 micron-sized particle mass interlaced with biological filaments. Biological entities of this nature have not previously been reported occurring in the stratosphere; their likely origin is discussed and we provide arguments to support our view that such biological entities may have arrived from space. The new data gives strong confirmation of the Hoyle-Wickramasinghe theory of cometary panspermia.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8865, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XVI, 88650L (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2047304
Show Author Affiliations
Milton Wainwright, The Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)
The Univ. of Buckingham (United Kingdom)
Christopher E. Rose, The Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)
Alexander J. Baker, The Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)
N. Chandra Wickramasinghe, The Univ. of Buckingham (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8865:
Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XVI
Richard B. Hoover; Gilbert V. Levin; Alexei Yu. Rozanov; Nalin C. Wickramasinghe, Editor(s)

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