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Proceedings Paper

Haptics using a smart material for eyes-free interaction in personal devices
Author(s): Huihui Wang; William Brian Lane; Devin Pappas; Bryam Duque; John Leong
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we present a prototype using a dry ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) in interactive personal devices such as bracelet, necklace, pocket key chain or mobile devices for haptic interaction when audio or visual feedback is not possible or practical. This prototype interface is an electro-mechanical system that realizes a shape-changing haptic display for information communication. A dry IPMC will change its dimensions due to the electrostatic effect when an electrical potential is provided to them. The IPMC can operate at a lower voltage (less than 2.5V) which is compatible with requirements for personal electrical devices or mobile devices. The prototype consists of the addressable arrays of the IPMCs with different dimensions which are deformable to different shapes with proper handling or customization. 3D printing technology will be used to form supporting parts. Microcontrollers (about 3cm square) from DigiKey will be imbedded into this personal device. An Android based mobile APP will be developed to talk with microcontrollers to control IPMCs. When personal devices receive information signals, the original shape of the prototype will change to another shape related to the specific sender or types of information sources. This interactive prototype can simultaneously realize multiple methods for conveying haptic information such as dimension, force, and texture due to the flexible array design. We conduct several studies of user experience to explore how users’ respond to shape change information.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9057, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2014, 905728 (9 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2045266
Show Author Affiliations
Huihui Wang, Jacksonville Univ. (United States)
William Brian Lane, Jacksonville Univ. (United States)
Devin Pappas, Jacksonville Univ. (United States)
Bryam Duque, Jacksonville Univ. (United States)
John Leong, Jacksonville Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9057:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2014
Wei-Hsin Liao, Editor(s)

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