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Proceedings Paper

Scavenging vibration energy from seismically isolated bridges using an electromagnetic harvester
Author(s): Qiuchen Lu; Chengning Loong; Chih-Chen Chang; Elias G. Dimitrakopoulos
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Paper Abstract

The increasing worldwide efforts in securing renewable energy sources increase incentive for civil engineers to investigate whether the kinetic energy associated with the vibration of larger-scale structures can be harvested. Such a research remains challenging and incomplete despite that hundreds of related articles have been published in the last decade. Base isolation is one of the most popular means of protecting a civil engineering structure against earthquake forces. Seismic isolation hinges on the decoupling of the structure from the shaking ground, hence protecting the structure from stress and damage during an earthquake excitation. The low stiffness isolator inserted between the structure and the ground dominates the response leading to a structural system of longer vibration period. As a consequence of this period shift, the spectral acceleration is reduced, but higher response displacements are produced. To mitigate this side effect, usually isolators are combined with the use of additional energy dissipation. In this study, the feasibility of scavenging the need-to-be dissipated energy from the isolator installed in a seismically isolated bridge using an electromagnetic (EM) energy harvester is investigated. The EM energy harvester consists of an energy harvesting circuit and a capacitor for energy storage. A mathematical model for this proposed EM energy harvester is developed and implemented on an idealized base-isolated single-degree-of-freedom system. The effect of having this EM energy harvester on the performance of this seismic isolated system is analyzed and discussed. The potential of installing such an EM energy harvester on a seismically isolated bridge is also addressed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 April 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9061, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2014, 90610I (10 April 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2044839
Show Author Affiliations
Qiuchen Lu, Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (Hong Kong, China)
Chengning Loong, Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (Hong Kong, China)
Chih-Chen Chang, Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (Hong Kong, China)
Elias G. Dimitrakopoulos, Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (Hong Kong, China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9061:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2014
Jerome P. Lynch; Kon-Well Wang; Hoon Sohn, Editor(s)

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