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Proceedings Paper

Acoustic emission signatures of damage modes in concrete
Author(s): D. G. Aggelis; A. C. Mpalaskas; T. E. Matikas; D. Van Hemelrijck
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Paper Abstract

The characterization of the dominant fracture mode may assist in the prediction of the remaining life of a concrete structure due to the sequence between successive tensile and shear mechanisms. Acoustic emission sensors record the elastic responses after any fracture event converting them into electric waveforms. The characteristics of the waveforms vary according to the movement of the crack tips, enabling characterization of the original mode. In this study fracture experiments on concrete beams are conducted. The aim is to examine the typical acoustic signals emitted by different fracture modes (namely tension due to bending and shear) in a concrete matrix. This is an advancement of a recent study focusing on smaller scale mortar and marble specimens. The dominant stress field and ultimate fracture mode is controlled by modification of the four-point bending setup while acoustic emission is monitored by six sensors at fixed locations. Conclusions about how to distinguish the sources based on waveform parameters of time domain (duration, rise time) and frequency are drawn. Specifically, emissions during the shear loading exhibit lower frequencies and longer duration than tensile. Results show that, combination of AE features may help to characterize the shift between dominant fracture modes and contribute to the structural health monitoring of concrete. This offers the basis for in-situ application provided that the distortion of the signal due to heterogeneous wave path is accounted for.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9062, Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems Integration 2014, 90620P (8 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2044750
Show Author Affiliations
D. G. Aggelis, Vrije Univ. Brussel (Belgium)
A. C. Mpalaskas, Univ. of Ioannina (Greece)
T. E. Matikas, Univ. of Ioannina (Greece)
D. Van Hemelrijck, Vrije Univ. Brussel (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9062:
Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems Integration 2014
Wolfgang Ecke; Kara J. Peters; Norbert G. Meyendorf; Theodoros E. Matikas, Editor(s)

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