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Proceedings Paper

Control of 4-DOF MR haptic master for medical application
Author(s): Jong-Seok Oh; Seung-Hyun Choi; Seung-Bok Choi
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Paper Abstract

In this work, magnetorheological (MR) based haptic master for robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (RMIS) is proposed and analyzed. Using a controllable MR fluid, the masters can generate a reflection force with the 4-DOF motion. The proposed master consists of two actuators: MR clutch featuring gimbal mechanism for 2-DOF rotational motion (X and Y axes) and MR clutch attached at gripper of gimbal structures for 1-DOF rotational motion (Z axis) and 1-DOF translational motion. After analyzing the dynamic motion by integrating mechanical and physical properties of the actuators, torque model of the proposed haptic master is derived. For realization of master-slave system, an encoder which can measure position information is integrated with the MR haptic master. In the RMIS system, the measured position is converted as a command signal and sent to the slave robot. In this work, slave and organ of patient are modeled in virtual space. In order to embody a human organ into virtual space, a volumetric deformable object is mathematically formulated by a shape retaining chain linked (S-chain) model. Accordingly, the haptic architecture is established by incorporating the virtual slave with the master device in which the reflection force and desired position originated from the object of the virtual slave and operator of the master, respectively, are transferred to each other. In order to achieve the desired force trajectories, a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is designed and implemented. It has been demonstrated that the effective tracking control performance for the desired motion of reflection force is well presented in time domain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9057, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2014, 90572O (9 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2044556
Show Author Affiliations
Jong-Seok Oh, Inha Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Seung-Hyun Choi, Inha Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Seung-Bok Choi, Inha Univ. (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9057:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2014
Wei-Hsin Liao, Editor(s)

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