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Proceedings Paper

List-mode PET image reconstruction for motion correction using the Intel XEON PHI co-processor
Author(s): W. J. Ryder; G. I. Angelis; R. Bashar; J. E. Gillam; R. Fulton; S. Meikle
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Paper Abstract

List-mode image reconstruction with motion correction is computationally expensive, as it requires projection of hundreds of millions of rays through a 3D array. To decrease reconstruction time it is possible to use symmetric multiprocessing computers or graphics processing units. The former can have high financial costs, while the latter can require refactoring of algorithms. The Xeon Phi is a new co-processor card with a Many Integrated Core architecture that can run 4 multiple-instruction, multiple data threads per core with each thread having a 512-bit single instruction, multiple data vector register. Thus, it is possible to run in the region of 220 threads simultaneously. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the Xeon Phi co-processor card is a viable alternative to an x86 Linux server for accelerating List-mode PET image reconstruction for motion correction. An existing list-mode image reconstruction algorithm with motion correction was ported to run on the Xeon Phi coprocessor with the multi-threading implemented using pthreads. There were no differences between images reconstructed using the Phi co-processor card and images reconstructed using the same algorithm run on a Linux server. However, it was found that the reconstruction runtimes were 3 times greater for the Phi than the server. A new version of the image reconstruction algorithm was developed in C++ using OpenMP for mutli-threading and the Phi runtimes decreased to 1.67 times that of the host Linux server. Data transfer from the host to co-processor card was found to be a rate-limiting step; this needs to be carefully considered in order to maximize runtime speeds. When considering the purchase price of a Linux workstation with Xeon Phi co-processor card and top of the range Linux server, the former is a cost-effective computation resource for list-mode image reconstruction. A multi-Phi workstation could be a viable alternative to cluster computers at a lower cost for medical imaging applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9033, Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging, 90335B (19 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043403
Show Author Affiliations
W. J. Ryder, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
G. I. Angelis, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
R. Bashar, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
J. E. Gillam, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
R. Fulton, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Westmead Hospital (Australia)
S. Meikle, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9033:
Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging
Bruce R. Whiting; Christoph Hoeschen, Editor(s)

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