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Proceedings Paper

3D pre- versus post-season comparisons of surface and relative pose of the corpus callosum in contact sport athletes
Author(s): Yi Lao; Niharika Gajawelli; Lauren Haas; Bryce Wilkins; Darryl Hwang; Sinchai Tsao; Yalin Wang; Meng Law; Natasha Leporé
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Paper Abstract

Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) or concussive injury affects 1.7 million Americans annually, of which 300,000 are due to recreational activities and contact sports, such as football, rugby, and boxing[1]. Finding the neuroanatomical correlates of brain TBI non-invasively and precisely is crucial for diagnosis and prognosis. Several studies have shown the in influence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the integrity of brain WM [2-4]. The vast majority of these works focus on athletes with diagnosed concussions. However, in contact sports, athletes are subjected to repeated hits to the head throughout the season, and we hypothesize that these have an influence on white matter integrity. In particular, the corpus callosum (CC), as a small structure connecting the brain hemispheres, may be particularly affected by torques generated by collisions, even in the absence of full blown concussions. Here, we use a combined surface-based morphometry and relative pose analyses, applying on the point distribution model (PDM) of the CC, to investigate TBI related brain structural changes between 9 pre-season and 9 post-season contact sport athlete MRIs. All the data are fed into surface based morphometry analysis and relative pose analysis. The former looks at surface area and thickness changes between the two groups, while the latter consists of detecting the relative translation, rotation and scale between them.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 March 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9034, Medical Imaging 2014: Image Processing, 90344E (21 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043245
Show Author Affiliations
Yi Lao, Children's Hospital Los Angeles (United States)
The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Niharika Gajawelli, Children's Hospital Los Angeles (United States)
The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Lauren Haas, The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Bryce Wilkins, Children's Hospital Los Angeles (United States)
The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Darryl Hwang, The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Sinchai Tsao, The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Yalin Wang, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Meng Law, The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Natasha Leporé, Children's Hospital Los Angeles (United States)
The Univ. of Southern California (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9034:
Medical Imaging 2014: Image Processing
Sebastien Ourselin; Martin A. Styner, Editor(s)

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