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Proceedings Paper

Effects of nanosecond pulsed electrical fields (nsPEFs) on the cell cycle of CHO and Jurkat cells
Author(s): Megan A. Mahlke; Christopher Navara; Bennett L. Ibey
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Paper Abstract

Exposure to nano-second pulsed electrical fields (nsPEFs) can cause poration of external and internal cell membranes, DNA damage, and disassociation of cytoskeletal components, all of which are capable of disrupting a cell’s ability to replicate. Variations between cell lines in membrane and cytoskeletal structure as well as in survival of nsPEF exposure should correspond to unique line-dependent cell cycle effects. Additionally, phase of cell cycle during exposure may be linked to differential sensitivities to nsPEFs across cell lines, as DNA structure, membrane elasticity, and cytoskeletal structure change dramatically during the cell cycle. Populations of Jurkat and Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells were examined post-exposure (10 ns pulse trains at 150kV/cm) by analysis of DNA content via propidium iodide staining and flow cytometric analysis at various time points (1, 6, and 12h post-exposure) to determine population distribution in cell cycle phases. Additionally, CHO and Jurkat cells were synchronized in G1/S and G2/M phases, pulsed, and analyzed to evaluate role of cell cycle phase in survival of nsPEFs. CHO populations recovered similarly to sham populations postnsPEF exposure and did not exhibit a phase-specific change in response. Jurkat cells exhibited considerable apoptosis/necrosis in response to nsPEF exposure and were unable to recover and proliferate in a manner similar to sham exposed cells. Additionally, Jurkat cells appear to be more sensitive to nsPEFs in G2/M phases than in G1/S phases. Recovery of CHO populations suggests that nsPEFs do not inhibit proliferation in CHO cells; however, inhibition of Jurkat cells post-nsPEF exposure coupled with preferential cell death in G2/M phases suggest that cell cycle phase during exposure may be an important factor in determining nsPEF toxicity in certain cell lines. Interestingly, CHO cells have a more robust and rigid cytoskeleton than Jurkat cells which is thought to contribute to their ability to survive nsPEFs. The ability of the CHO cytoskeleton to recover and complete mitosis after nsPEF-induced damage in G2/M phase may be integral to the cell line’s higher tolerance of nsPEF exposure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8941, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXV; and Terahertz for Biomedical Applications, 89411R (13 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2042163
Show Author Affiliations
Megan A. Mahlke, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio (United States)
Christopher Navara, Univ. of Texas at San Antonio (United States)
Bennett L. Ibey, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8941:
Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXV; and Terahertz for Biomedical Applications
E. Duco Jansen; Gerald J. Wilmink; Bennett L. Ibey; Robert J. Thomas, Editor(s)

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