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Proceedings Paper

JPEG compression for a grayscale printing pipeline
Author(s): Rick A. Vander Kam; Ping Wah Wong; Robert M. Gray
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Paper Abstract

We describe a procedure by which JPEG compression may be customized for grayscale images that are to be compressed before they are scaled, halftoned, and printed. Our technique maintains 100% compatibility with the JPEG standard, and is applicable with all scaling and halftoning methods. The JPEG quantization table is designed using frequency-domain characteristics of the scaling and halftoning operations, as well as the frequency sensitivity of the human visual system. In addition, the Huffman tables are optimized for low-rate coding. Compression artifacts are greatly reduced because they are masked by the halftoning patterns, and pushed into frequency bands where the eye is less sensitive. We present experimental results demonstrating that the customized JPEG encoder typically maintains `near visually lossless' image quality at rates below 0.2 bits per pixel (with reference to the final, printed image). In terms of the achieved bit rate, this performance is typically at least 20% better than that of a JPEG encoder using the suggested baseline tables.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 1995
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2418, Still-Image Compression, (3 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.204133
Show Author Affiliations
Rick A. Vander Kam, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Ping Wah Wong, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Robert M. Gray, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2418:
Still-Image Compression
Majid Rabbani; Edward J. Delp; Sarah A. Rajala, Editor(s)

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