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Proceedings Paper

Does ozone enhance the remineralizing potential of nanohydroxyapatite on artificially demineralized enamel? A laser induced fluorescence study
Author(s): Samuelraj Srinivasan; Vijendra Prabhu; Subhash Chandra; Shalini Koshy; Shashidhar Acharya; Krishna Kishore Mahato
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Paper Abstract

The present era of minimal invasive dentistry emphasizes the early detection and remineralization of initial enamel caries. Ozone has been shown to reverse the initial demineralization before the integrity of the enamel surface is lost. Nano-hydroxyapatite is a proven remineralizing agent for early enamel caries. In the present study, the effect of ozone in enhancing the remineralizing potential of nano-hydroxyapatite on artificially demineralized enamel was investigated using laser induced fluorescence. Thirty five sound human premolars were collected from healthy subjects undergoing orthodontic treatment. Fluorescence was recorded by exciting the mesial surfaces using 325 nm He-Cd laser with 2 mW power. Tooth specimens were subjected to demineralization to create initial enamel caries. Following which the specimens were divided into three groups, i.e ozone (ozonated water for 2 min), without ozone and artificial saliva. Remineralization regimen was followed for 3 weeks. The fluorescence spectra of the specimens were recorded from all the three experimental groups at baseline, after demineralization and remineralization. The average spectrum for each experimental group was used for statistical analysis. Fluorescence intensities of Ozone treated specimens following remineralization were higher than that of artificial saliva, and this difference was found to be statistically significant (P<0.0001). In a nutshell, ozone enhanced the remineralizing potential of nanohydroxyapatite, and laser induced fluorescence was found to be effective in assessing the surface mineral changes in enamel. Ozone can be considered an effective agent in reversing the initial enamel caries there by preventing the tooth from entering into the repetitive restorative cycle.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8929, Lasers in Dentistry XX, 892903 (18 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2039399
Show Author Affiliations
Samuelraj Srinivasan, Manipal Univ. (India)
Vijendra Prabhu, Manipal Univ. (India)
Subhash Chandra, Manipal Univ. (India)
Shalini Koshy, Manipal Univ. (India)
Shashidhar Acharya, Manipal Univ. (India)
Krishna Kishore Mahato, Manipal Univ. (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8929:
Lasers in Dentistry XX
Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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