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Proceedings Paper

In-line process control for laser welding of titanium by high dynamic range ratio pyrometry and plasma spectroscopy
Author(s): B. Lempe; C. Taudt; T. Baselt; F. Rudek; R. Maschke; F. Basan; P. Hartmann
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Paper Abstract

The production of complex titanium components for various industries using laser welding processes has received growing attention in recent years. It is important to know whether the result of the cohesive joint meets the quality requirements of standardization and ultimately the customer requirements. Erroneous weld seams can have fatal consequences especially in the field of car manufacturing and medicine technology. To meet these requirements, a real-time process control system has been developed which determines the welding quality through a locally resolved temperature profile. By analyzing the resulting weld plasma received data is used to verify the stability of the laser welding process. The determination of the temperature profile is done by the detection of the emitted electromagnetic radiation from the material in a range of 500 nm to 1100 nm. As detectors, special high dynamic range CMOS cameras are used. As the emissivity of titanium depends on the wavelength, the surface and the angle of radiation, measuring the temperature is a problem. To solve these a special pyrometer setting with two cameras is used. That enables the compensation of these effects by calculating the difference between the respective pixels on simultaneously recorded images. Two spectral regions with the same emissivity are detected. Therefore the degree of emission and surface effects are compensated and canceled out of the calculation. Using the spatially resolved temperature distribution the weld geometry can be determined and the laser process can be controlled. The active readjustment of parameters such as laser power, feed rate and inert gas injection increases the quality of the welding process and decreases the number of defective goods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2014
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8963, High-Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications III, 896314 (20 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2039009
Show Author Affiliations
B. Lempe, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)
C. Taudt, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)
T. Baselt, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)
F. Rudek, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)
R. Maschke, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)
F. Basan, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)
P. Hartmann, Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8963:
High-Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications III
Friedhelm Dorsch, Editor(s)

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