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Proceedings Paper

Unsupervised clustering analyses of features extraction for a caries computer-assisted diagnosis using dental fluorescence images
Author(s): Michel Bessani; Mardoqueu M. da Costa; Emery C. C. C. Lins; Carlos D. Maciel
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Paper Abstract

Computer-assisted diagnoses (CAD) are performed by systems with embedded knowledge. These systems work as a second opinion to the physician and use patient data to infer diagnoses for health problems. Caries is the most common oral disease and directly affects both individuals and the society. Here we propose the use of dental fluorescence images as input of a caries computer-assisted diagnosis. We use texture descriptors together with statistical pattern recognition techniques to measure the descriptors performance for the caries classification task. The data set consists of 64 fluorescence images of in vitro healthy and carious teeth including different surfaces and lesions already diagnosed by an expert. The texture feature extraction was performed on fluorescence images using RGB and YCbCr color spaces, which generated 35 different descriptors for each sample. Principal components analysis was performed for the data interpretation and dimensionality reduction. Finally, unsupervised clustering was employed for the analysis of the relation between the output labeling and the diagnosis of the expert. The PCA result showed a high correlation between the extracted features; seven components were sufficient to represent 91.9% of the original feature vectors information. The unsupervised clustering output was compared with the expert classification resulting in an accuracy of 96.88%. The results show the high accuracy of the proposed approach in identifying carious and non-carious teeth. Therefore, the development of a CAD system for caries using such an approach appears to be promising.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2014
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8937, Multimodal Biomedical Imaging IX, 89370U (17 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038633
Show Author Affiliations
Michel Bessani, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Mardoqueu M. da Costa, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Emery C. C. C. Lins, Univ. Federal do ABC (Brazil)
Carlos D. Maciel, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8937:
Multimodal Biomedical Imaging IX
Fred S. Azar; Xavier Intes, Editor(s)

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