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Proceedings Paper

Feasibility of transcranial photoacoustic imaging for interventional guidance of endonasal surgeries
Author(s): Muyinatu A. Lediju Bell; Anastasia K. Ostrowski; Peter Kazanzides; Emad Boctor
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Paper Abstract

Endonasal surgeries to remove pituitary tumors incur the deadly risk of carotid artery injury due to limitations with real-time visualization of blood vessels surrounded by bone. We propose to use photoacoustic imaging to overcome current limitations. Blood vessels and surrounding bone would be illuminated by an optical fiber attached to the endonasal drill, while a transducer placed on the pterional region outside of the skull acquires images. To investigate feasibility, a plastisol phantom embedded with a spherical metal target was submerged in a water tank. The target was aligned with a 1-mm optical fiber coupled to a 1064nm Nd:YAG laser. An Ultrasonix L14-5W/60 linear transducer, placed approximately 1 cm above the phantom, acquired photoacoustic and ultrasound images of the target in the presence and absence of 2- and 4-mm-thick human adult cadaveric skull specimens. Though visualized at 18 mm depth when no bone was present, the target was not detectable in ultrasound images when the 4-mm thick skull specimen was placed between the transducer and phantom. In contrast, the target was visible in photoacoustic images at depths of 17-18 mm with and without the skull specimen. To mimic a clinical scenario where cranial bone in the nasal cavity reduces optical transmission prior to drill penetration, the 2-mm-thick specimen was placed between the phantom and optical fiber, while the 4-mm specimen remained between the phantom and transducer. In this case, the target was present at depths of 15-17 mm for energies ranging 9-18 mJ. With conventional delay-and-sum beamforming, the photoacoustic signal-tonoise ratios measured 15-18 dB and the contrast measured 5-13 dB. A short-lag spatial coherence beamformer was applied to increase signal contrast by 11-27 dB with similar values for SNR at most laser energies. Results are generally promising for photoacoustic-guided endonasal surgeries.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2014
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8943, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2014, 894307 (3 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038511
Show Author Affiliations
Muyinatu A. Lediju Bell, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Anastasia K. Ostrowski, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
The Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Peter Kazanzides, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Emad Boctor, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8943:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2014
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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