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Proceedings Paper

Improving of enzyme immunoassay for detection and quantification of the target molecules using silver nanoparticles
Author(s): Vasyl J. Syrvatka; Yurij I. Slyvchuk; Ivan I. Rozgoni; Ivan I. Gevkan; Marta O. Overchuk
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Paper Abstract

Modern routine enzyme immunoassays for detection and quantification of biomolecules have several disadvantages such as high cost, insufficient sensitivity, complexity and long-term execution. The surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles gives reasons of creating new in the basis of simple, highly sensitive and low cost colorimetric assays that can be applied to the detection of small molecules, DNA, proteins and pollutants. The main aim of the study was the improving of enzyme immunoassay for detection and quantification of the target molecules using silver nanoparticles. For this purpose we developed method for synthesis of silver nanoparticles with hyaluronic acid and studied possibility of use these nanoparticles in direct determination of target molecules concentration (in particular proteins) and for improving of enzyme immunoassay. As model we used conventional enzyme immunoassays for determination of progesterone and estradiol concentration. We obtained the possibility to produce silver nanoparticles with hyaluronan homogeneous in size between 10 and 12 nm, soluble and stable in water during long term of storage using modified procedure of silver nanoparticles synthesis. New method allows to obtain silver nanoparticles with strong optical properties at the higher concentrations – 60-90 μg/ml with the peak of absorbance at the wavelength 400 nm. Therefore surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles with hyaluronan and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy provide an opportunity for rapid determination of target molecules concentration (especial protein). We used silver nanoparticles as enzyme carriers and signal enhancers. Our preliminary data show that silver nanoparticles increased absorbance of samples that allows improving upper limit of determination of estradiol and progesterone concentration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8954, Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XI, 89540H (20 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038245
Show Author Affiliations
Vasyl J. Syrvatka, Institute of Animal Biology (Ukraine)
Yurij I. Slyvchuk, Institute of Animal Biology (Ukraine)
Ivan I. Rozgoni, Institute of Animal Biology (Ukraine)
Ivan I. Gevkan, Institute of Animal Biology (Ukraine)
Marta O. Overchuk, Institute of Cell Biology (Ukraine)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8954:
Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XI
Alexander N. Cartwright; Dan V. Nicolau, Editor(s)

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