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Proceedings Paper

Self-assembled liquid-crystal microlasers, microresonators, and microfibres
Author(s): I. Muševič; Huang Peng; M. Nikkhou; M. Humar
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Paper Abstract

When liquid crystals are dispersed in an immiscible fluid, microdroplets of liquid crystal are spontaneously formed in a fraction of a second. They have optically anisotropic internal structure, which is determined by the ordering of liquid crystal molecules at the interface. Spherical droplets of a nematic liquid crystal can function as whispering-gallery-mode microresonators with an unprecedented width of wavelength tunability by an electric field. WGM pulsed lasing in dyedoped nematic microdroplets is sensitive to strain, temperature and presence of molecules that change molecular orientation at the interface. Omnidirectional 3D lasing was demonstrated in droplets of chiral nematic liquid crystals that form 3D Bragg-onion resonators. We present recent progress in this field, including electric tuning of 3D lasing from chiral nematic droplets and self-assembly of ferroelectric smectic-C* microdroplets with the onion-Bragg structure. We show that anisotropic fibres could be self-assembled from smectic liquid crystals.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2014
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8960, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XVI, 896016 (4 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2037655
Show Author Affiliations
I. Muševič, Jožef Stefan Institute (Slovenia)
Huang Peng, Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
M. Nikkhou, Jožef Stefan Institute (Slovenia)
M. Humar, Jožef Stefan Institute (Slovenia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8960:
Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XVI
Alexis V. Kudryashov; Alan H. Paxton; Vladimir S. Ilchenko; Lutz Aschke; Kunihiko Washio, Editor(s)

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