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Proceedings Paper

An all-fiber partial discharge monitoring system based on both intrinsic fiber optic interferometry sensor and fluorescent fiber
Author(s): Zelin Yin; Ruirui Zhang; Jie Tong; Xi Chen
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Paper Abstract

Partial discharges (PDs) are an electrical phenomenon that occurs within a transformer whenever the voltage stress is sufficient to produce ionization in voids or inclusions within a solid dielectric, at conductor/dielectric interfaces, or in bubbles within liquid dielectrics such as oil; high-frequency transient current discharges will then appear repeatedly and will progressively deteriorate the insulation, ultimately leading to breakdown. Fiber sensor has great potential on the partial discharge detection in high-voltage equipment for its immunity to electromagnetic interference and it can take direct measurement in the high voltage equipment. The energy released in PDs produces a number of effects, resulting in flash, chemical and structural changes and electromagnetic emissions and so on. Acoustic PD detection is based on the mechanical pressure wave emitted from the discharge and fluorescent fiber PD detection is based on the emitted light produced by ionization, excitation and recombination processes during the discharge. Both of the two methods have the shortage of weak anti-interference capacity in the physical environment, like thunder or other sound source. In order to avoid the false report, an all-fiber combined PD detection system of the two methods is developed in this paper. In the system the fluorescent fiber PD sensor is considered as a reference signal, three F-P based PD detection sensors are used to both monitor the PD intensity and calculate the exact position of the discharge source. Considering the wave band of the F-P cavity and the fluorescent probe are quite different, the reflection spectrum of the F-P cavity is in the infrared region, however the fluorescent probe is about 600nm to 700nm, thus the F-P sensor and fluorescent fiber probe can be connected in one fiber and the reflection light can be detected by two different detectors without mutual interference. The all-fiber partial discharge monitoring system not only can detect the PDs but also can ensure the position of the PD source and is of great anti-interference capacity in harsh environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 December 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9044, 2013 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications, 904414 (20 December 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2037299
Show Author Affiliations
Zelin Yin, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Beijing Jiaotong Univ. (China)
Ruirui Zhang, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Jie Tong, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Xi Chen, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9044:
2013 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications
Brian Culshaw; Xuping Zhang; Anbo Wang, Editor(s)

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