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Proceedings Paper

Real-time CO2 sensor for the optimal control of electronic EGR system
Author(s): Gwang-jung Kim; Byungchul Choi; Inchul Choi
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Paper Abstract

In modern diesel engines, EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) is an important technique used in nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission reduction. This paper describes the development and experimental results of a fiber-optical sensor using a 2.7 μm wavelength absorption to quantify the simultaneous CO2 concentration which is the primary variable of EGR rate (CO2 in the exhaust gas versus CO2 in the intake gas, %). A real-time laser absorption method was developed using a DFB (distributed feedback) diode laser and waveguide to make optimal design and control of electronic EGR system required for ‘Euro-6’ and ‘Tier 4 Final’ NOx emission regulations. While EGR is effective to reduce NOx significantly, the amount of HC and CO is increased in the exhaust gas if EGR rate is not controlled based on driving conditions. Therefore, it is important to recirculate an appropriate amount of exhaust gas in the operation condition generating high volume of NOx. In this study, we evaluated basic characteristics and functions of our optical sensor and studied basically in order to find out optimal design condition. We demonstrated CO2 measurement speed, accuracy and linearity as making a condition similar to real engine through the bench-scale experiment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 December 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9044, 2013 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications, 90440C (20 December 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2035937
Show Author Affiliations
Gwang-jung Kim, Chonnam National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Byungchul Choi, Chonnam National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Inchul Choi, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9044:
2013 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications
Brian Culshaw; Xuping Zhang; Anbo Wang, Editor(s)

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