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Proceedings Paper

The design of infrared laser radar for vehicle initiative safety
Author(s): Ping Gong; Xi-ping Xu; Xiao-yu Li; Tian-zhi Li; Yu-long Liu; Jia-hui Wu
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Paper Abstract

Laser radar for vehicle is mainly used in advanced vehicle on-board active safety systems, such as forward anti-collision systems, active collision warning systems and adaptive cruise control systems, etc. Laser radar for vehicle plays an important role in the improvement of vehicle active safety and the reduction of traffic accidents. The stability of vehicle active anti-collision system in dynamic environment is still one of the most difficult problems to break through nowadays. According to people’s driving habit and the existed detecting technique of sensor, combining the infrared laser range and galvanometer scanning technique , design a 3-D infrared laser radar which can be used to assist navigation, obstacle avoidance and the vehicle’s speed control for the vehicle initiative safety. The device is fixed to the head of vehicle. Then if an accident happened, the device could give an alarm to remind the driver timely to decelerate or brake down, by which way can people get the purpose of preventing the collision accidents effectively. To accomplish the design, first of all, select the core components. Then apply Zemax to design the transmitting and receiving optical system. Adopt 1550 nm infrared laser transmitter as emission unit in the device, a galvanometer scanning as laser scanning unit and an InGaAs-APD detector as laser echo signal receiving unit. Perform the construction of experimental system using FPGA and ARM as the core controller. The system designed in this paper can not only detect obstacle in front of the vehicle and make the control subsystem to execute command, but also transfer laser data to PC in real time. Lots of experiments using the infrared laser radar prototype are made, and main performance of it is under tested. The results of these experiments show that the imaging speed of the laser radar can reach up to 25 frames per second, the frame resolution of each image can reach 30×30 pixels, the horizontal angle resolution is about 6. 98mrad, the vertical angle resolution is about 3. 49mrad, the maximum value of range error is 0. 5m, minimum value is 0. 07m at the detectable distance range 10-200m and the detection probability is more than 99. 9%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 September 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8905, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Sensing and Imaging and Applications, 89051O (19 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2034481
Show Author Affiliations
Ping Gong, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Xi-ping Xu, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Xiao-yu Li, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Tian-zhi Li, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Yu-long Liu, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Jia-hui Wu, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8905:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Sensing and Imaging and Applications
Farzin Amzajerdian; Astrid Aksnes; Weibiao Chen; Chunqing Gao; Yongchao Zheng; Cheng Wang, Editor(s)

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