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Proceedings Paper

Application of 1,2-diethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-4-one to enhance tissue selectivity for photodynamic therapy of the bladder
Author(s): Shi-Chung Chang; Alexander J. MacRobert; John B. Porter; Stephen G. Bown
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Paper Abstract

Five-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) has proven to be a useful photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In living cells, the conversion of PpIX to photoinactive haem is catalyzed by ferrochelatase in the presence of tissue iron and inhibition of this final committed step results in increased accumulation of PpIX. The in vivo effect of a new iron chelator, 1,2-diethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-4-one (CP94), on the buildup of PpIX in different bladder layers was evaluated. In CP94 treated rats, 5 - 7 hours after intravesical instillation of ALA solution, the fluorescence intensity of PpIX in the urothelium was doubled whilst in the muscle layer it remained low at a similar level to those seen without the iron chelator. With CP94, further reduction of skin photosensitization is possible as a similar photodynamic effect on the bladder could be achieved at lower ALA concentration. The addition of CP94 seems an effective and convenient way to potentiate ALA induced PpIX tissue selectivity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1995
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 2371, 5th International Photodynamic Association Biennial Meeting, (1 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.203368
Show Author Affiliations
Shi-Chung Chang, Univ. College London Medical School (United Kingdom)
Tzu-Chi General Hospital (Taiwan)
Alexander J. MacRobert, Univ. College London Medical School (United Kingdom)
John B. Porter, Univ. College London Medical School (United Kingdom)
Stephen G. Bown, Univ. College London Medical School (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2371:
5th International Photodynamic Association Biennial Meeting
Denis A. Cortese, Editor(s)

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