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Proceedings Paper

Design of laser monitoring and sound localization system
Author(s): Yu-long Liu; Xi-ping Xu; Yu-ming Dai; Yang Qiao
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, a novel design of laser monitoring and sound localization system is proposed. It utilizes laser to monitor and locate the position of the indoor conversation. In China most of the laser monitors no matter used in labor in an instrument uses photodiode or phototransistor as a detector at present. At the laser receivers of those facilities, light beams are adjusted to ensure that only part of the window in photodiodes or phototransistors received the beams. The reflection would deviate from its original path because of the vibration of the detected window, which would cause the changing of imaging spots in photodiode or phototransistor. However, such method is limited not only because it could bring in much stray light in receivers but also merely single output of photocurrent could be obtained. Therefore a new method based on quadrant detector is proposed. It utilizes the relation of the optical integral among quadrants to locate the position of imaging spots. This method could eliminate background disturbance and acquired two-dimensional spots vibrating data pacifically. The principle of this whole system could be described as follows. Collimated laser beams are reflected from vibrate-window caused by the vibration of sound source. Therefore reflected beams are modulated by vibration source. Such optical signals are collected by quadrant detectors and then are processed by photoelectric converters and corresponding circuits. Speech signals are eventually reconstructed. In addition, sound source localization is implemented by the means of detecting three different reflected light sources simultaneously. Indoor mathematical models based on the principle of Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) are established to calculate the twodimensional coordinate of sound source. Experiments showed that this system is able to monitor the indoor sound source beyond 15 meters with a high quality of speech reconstruction and to locate the sound source position accurately.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8906, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Communication Technologies and Systems, 890614 (21 August 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2033141
Show Author Affiliations
Yu-long Liu, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Xi-ping Xu, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Yu-ming Dai, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Yang Qiao, Changchun Univ. of Science and Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8906:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Communication Technologies and Systems
Keith E. Wilson; Jing Ma; Liren Liu; Huilin Jiang; Xizheng Ke, Editor(s)

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