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Proceedings Paper

Intensity information extraction in Geiger mode detector array based three-dimensional imaging applications
Author(s): Fei Wang
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Paper Abstract

Geiger-mode detectors have single photon sensitivity and picoseconds timing resolution, which make it a good candidate for low light level ranging applications, especially in the case of flash three dimensional imaging applications where the received laser power is extremely limited. Another advantage of Geiger-mode APD is their capability of large output current which can drive CMOS timing circuit directly, which means that larger format focal plane arrays can be easily fabricated using the mature CMOS technology. However Geiger-mode detector based FPAs can only measure the range information of a scene but not the reflectivity. Reflectivity is a major characteristic which can help target classification and identification. According to Poisson statistic nature, detection probability is tightly connected to the incident number of photon. Employing this relation, a signal intensity estimation method based on probability inversion is proposed. Instead of measuring intensity directly, several detections are conducted, then the detection probability is obtained and the intensity is estimated using this method. The relation between the estimator’s accuracy, measuring range and number of detections are discussed based on statistical theory. Finally Monte-Carlo simulation is conducted to verify the correctness of this theory. Using 100 times of detection, signal intensity equal to 4.6 photons per detection can be measured using this method. With slight modification of measuring strategy, intensity information can be obtained using current Geiger-mode detector based FPAs, which can enrich the information acquired and broaden the application field of current technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 September 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8905, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Sensing and Imaging and Applications, 89050I (19 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2032761
Show Author Affiliations
Fei Wang, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8905:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Sensing and Imaging and Applications
Farzin Amzajerdian; Astrid Aksnes; Weibiao Chen; Chunqing Gao; Yongchao Zheng; Cheng Wang, Editor(s)

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