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Proceedings Paper

The research of adaptive-exposure on spot-detecting camera in ATP system
Author(s): Feng Qian; Jian-jun Jia; Liang Zhang; Jian-Yu Wang
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Paper Abstract

High precision acquisition, tracking, pointing (ATP) system is one of the key techniques of laser communication. The spot-detecting camera is used to detect the direction of beacon in laser communication link, so that it can get the position information of communication terminal for ATP system. The positioning accuracy of camera decides the capability of laser communication system directly. So the spot-detecting camera in satellite-to-earth laser communication ATP systems needs high precision on target detection. The positioning accuracy of cameras should be better than ±1μ rad . The spot-detecting cameras usually adopt centroid algorithm to get the position information of light spot on detectors. When the intensity of beacon is moderate, calculation results of centroid algorithm will be precise. But the intensity of beacon changes greatly during communication for distance, atmospheric scintillation, weather etc. The output signal of detector will be insufficient when the camera underexposes to beacon because of low light intensity. On the other hand, the output signal of detector will be saturated when the camera overexposes to beacon because of high light intensity. The calculation accuracy of centroid algorithm becomes worse if the spot-detecting camera underexposes or overexposes, and then the positioning accuracy of camera will be reduced obviously. In order to improve the accuracy, space-based cameras should regulate exposure time in real time according to light intensity. The algorithm of adaptive-exposure technique for spot-detecting camera based on metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) detector is analyzed. According to analytic results, a CMOS camera in space-based laser communication system is described, which utilizes the algorithm of adaptive-exposure to adapting exposure time. Test results from imaging experiment system formed verify the design. Experimental results prove that this design can restrain the reduction of positioning accuracy for the change of light intensity. So the camera can keep stable and high positioning accuracy during communication.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8906, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Communication Technologies and Systems, 89060L (21 August 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2032633
Show Author Affiliations
Feng Qian, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)
Jian-jun Jia, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (Colombia)
Liang Zhang, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)
Jian-Yu Wang, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8906:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Communication Technologies and Systems
Keith E. Wilson; Jing Ma; Liren Liu; Huilin Jiang; Xizheng Ke, Editor(s)

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