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Proceedings Paper

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy at small source-detector distance by means of high dynamic-range fast-gated SPAD acquisitions: first in-vivo measurements
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Paper Abstract

In this article, we show experimental results of time-resolved optical spectroscopy performed with small distance between launching and detecting fibers. It was already demonstrated that depth discrimination is independent of source-detector separation and that measurements at small source detector distance provide better contrast and spatial resolution. The main disadvantage is represent by the huge increase in early photons (scarcely diffused by tissue) peak that can saturate the dynamic range of most detectors, hiding information carried by late photons. Thanks to a fast-gated Single- Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD) module, we are able to reject the peak of early photons and to obtain high-dynamic range acquisitions. We exploit fast-gated SPAD module to perform for the first time functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) at small source-detector distance for in vivo measurements and we demonstrate the possibility to detect non-invasively the dynamics of oxygenated and deoxygenated haemoglobin occurring in the motor cortex during a motor task. We also show the improvement in terms of signal amplitude and Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) obtained exploiting fast-gated SPAD performances with respect to “non-gated” measurements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 June 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8804, Neurophotonics, 880402 (24 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2032492
Show Author Affiliations
L. Di Sieno, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
D. Contini, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
A. Dalla Mora, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
A. Torricelli, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
L. Spinelli, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, CNR (Italy)
R. Cubeddu, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
A. Tosi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
G. Boso, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
A. Pifferi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8804:
Francesco Pavone; Elizabeth Hillman; Vincent Daria; Serge Charpak, Editor(s)

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