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Modeling and simulation of THz detectors based on electrical resonant metamaterial micro-nano-structures
Author(s): Hongwu Ji; Jun Luo; Xinyu Zhang; Hongshi Sang; Changsheng Xie
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Paper Abstract

Imaging detector research on terahertz (1 THz=1012Hz) wavelength region is a hot topic in recent years. So far, the terahertz wave has shown considerable application potential in advanced imaging of some special targets1. The terahertz imaging has a relatively high resolution correspondent to common radio frequency imaging. It takes object surface shape and internal structure information2, which can not be captured by current mature optics imaging means or conventional infrared imaging methods. However, for a long time, due to the lack of effective terahertz detection techniques3 as well as most materials in nature inherently do not respond to THz radiation, or demonstrate a very weak response even not be utilized, it limits the development of terahertz theory and related technologies and applications especial in the terahertz detection fields, and thus leading to the progress and applications in THz regime lagging behind the rapid development of other electromagnetic spectrum. To realize the useful potential detecting applications of THz radiation, considerable efforts are underway for filling the ‘THz gap’. Some new type of materials such as typical metamaterial are really needed for constructing detecting architectures.

Metamaterials4, which are artificially structured material, consists of subwavelength metallic resonators within or onto a dielectric or semiconducting substrate. Research and applications5,6 show that they already exhibit attractive electromagnetic properties, which are not available in naturally materials. Therefore, they can be used to enhance the optoelectronic response ability so as to efficiently manipulate, control, and detect electromagnetic radiation by particularly designed metamaterial micro-nano-structure. In addition, by scaling their size, we can scale their response from radio frequency to optical wavelength region, which means we can design metamaterials detector operated at desired frequency in a very wide frequency range, for example from UV-IR-Microwave-RF, but in THz region is our key topic content in this paper.

As demonstrated that metamaterials can be used to remarkably response incident THz radiation with both electric and magnetic resonant mode7, metamaterials micro-nano-structures are potential for future THz detection. By constructing metamaterials detectors for relatively wide THz wave, we can realize THz sensing and further imaging. In this paper, we design and simulate an electrically resonant terahertz metamaterial sensing unit. This kind of metamaterial micro-nano-structure can present an obvious response at 0.78 THz with a strong electrical resonant at the split-ring resonator(SRR) gap, and thus provides a possibility to obtain the electrical signal so as to achieve THz sensing. By analyzing the simulation results, we summarize the feasibility of terahertz detection, and come out a layout of terahertz detector by scaling the size of metamaterial detector unit, we can obtain unit detector architecture that also resonant at other frequencies and finally lead to realize multispectral imaging.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 October 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8917, MIPPR 2013: Multispectral Image Acquisition, Processing, and Analysis, 89170D (26 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2032231
Show Author Affiliations
Hongwu Ji, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Jun Luo, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Xinyu Zhang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Hongshi Sang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Changsheng Xie, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8917:
MIPPR 2013: Multispectral Image Acquisition, Processing, and Analysis
Xinyu Zhang; Jianguo Liu, Editor(s)

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