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Proceedings Paper

A feasibility study into the screening and imaging of hand luggage for threat items at 35 GHz using an active large aperture (1.6 m) security screening imager
Author(s): Nicholas J. Bowring; Dean O'Reilly; Neil A. Salmon; David A. Andrews; Nacer-Ddine Rezgui; Stuart W. Harmer
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Paper Abstract

The feasibility of screening hand luggage for concealed threat items such as Person-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (PBIED's) both metallic and non-metallic, together with handguns and at millimetre wavelengths is investigated. Previous studies by the authors and others indicate that hand baggage material and fabric is much more transmissive and has less scattering at lower millimetre wave frequencies and the ability to use K-band active imaging with high spatial resolution presents an opportunity to image and hence recognise concealed threats. For this feasibility study, a 1.6 m aperture, 35 GHz security screening imaging system with a spatial resolution of 2.5 cm and a depth of field of around 5 cm is employed, using spatially incoherent illuminating panels to enhance image contrast. In this study, realistic scenarios using backpacks containing a realistic range of threat and non-threat items are scanned, both carried and standalone. This range of items contains large vessels suitable for containing simulated home-made PBIED’s and handguns. The comprehensive list of non-threat items includes laptops, bottles, clothing and power supplies. For this study, the range at which imaging data at standoff distances can be acquired is confined to that of the particular system in use, although parameters such as illumination and integration time are optimised. However, techniques for extrapolating towards effective standoff distances using aperture synthesis imagers are discussed. The transmission loss through fabrics and clothing that may form, or be contained in baggage, are reported over range of frequencies ranging from 26 to 110 GHz.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 October 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8900, Millimetre Wave and Terahertz Sensors and Technology VI, 890005 (18 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2030835
Show Author Affiliations
Nicholas J. Bowring, Manchester Metropolitan Univ. (United Kingdom)
Dean O'Reilly, Manchester Metropolitan Univ. (United Kingdom)
Neil A. Salmon, Manchester Metropolitan Univ. (United Kingdom)
David A. Andrews, Manchester Metropolitan Univ. (United Kingdom)
Nacer-Ddine Rezgui, Manchester Metropolitan Univ. (United Kingdom)
Stuart W. Harmer, Manchester Metropolitan Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8900:
Millimetre Wave and Terahertz Sensors and Technology VI
Neil Anthony Salmon; Eddie L. Jacobs, Editor(s)

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