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Proceedings Paper

STORM: sounding and tracking observatory for regional meteorology to launch in 2016
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Paper Abstract

Ultra-spectral sounders (USS) in low earth orbit have significantly improved weather forecast accuracy in recent years, and their impact could be significantly improved with reduced revisit times. The GeoMetWatch, Inc.1 Sounding and Tracking Observatory for Regional Meteorology (STORMTM) program is designed to place a constellation of six USS units in spaced geostationary (GEO) positions around the earth. From GEO, the repeat time for a specific weather feature can be reduced to minutes, and the vertical temperature, water vapor and wind profiles can provide detailed warnings not available by any other means. The STORMTM sensor, a derivative of the Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer (GIFTS) EDU that was designed and built for NASA by Utah State University (USU) and rigorously tested in 2006, will be launched on a commercial geostationary satellite in late 2016. It combines advanced technologies to provide improved performance and reliability over the original EDU. From GEO the USS can observe surface thermal properties and atmospheric weather and chemistry variables in four dimensions. This paper provides an overview of the STORMTM instrument and the measurement concept. STORMTM’s USS will provide data of the same quality as the current LEO satellite sounders (AIRS, CrIS, and IASI) but with the ability to track storm development with soundings and images at any desired rate. Wind profiles obtained from a time sequence of STORMTM water vapor retrieval images will provide additional input to now casting and regional models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 September 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8867, Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXI, 88670X (19 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2030601
Show Author Affiliations
Gail Bingham, Space Dynamics Lab. (United States)
Scott Jensen, Utah State Univ. (United States)
John Elwell, Utah State Univ. (United States)
Joel Cardon, Utah State Univ. (United States)
David Crain, GeoMetWatch Corp. (United States)
Hung-Lung (Allen) Huang, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
William L. Smith, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Hank E. Revercomb, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Ron Huppi, Consultant (Retired) (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8867:
Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXI
Marija Strojnik Scholl; Gonzalo Páez, Editor(s)

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