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Proceedings Paper

Retrieval of water cloud top and bottom heights and the validation with ground-based observations
Author(s): Makoto Kuji
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Paper Abstract

It is of great interest to investigate the optical, microphysical, and geometrical properties of clouds that play crucial role in the earth climate system. Water clouds are generally optically thick and consequently have a great cooling effect on earth-atmosphere radiation budget. The water clouds usually exist in a lower troposphere where aerosol-cloud interaction occurs frequently, and then cloud droplet size variation in uences re ection of solar radiation as well. Further, a cloud layer height is one of the key properties that determine downward longwave radiation and then surface radiation budget. In this study, top height, geometrical thickness and bottom height of a water cloud layer are investigated as cloud geometrical properties in particular. Several studies show that observation data of some spectral regions including oxygen A-band, enables us to retrieve the cloud geometrical properties as well as the optical thickness and the effective particle radius. In this study, an algorithm was developed to retrieve simultaneously the cloud optical thickness, effective particle radius, top height, geometrical thickness and then bottom height of a cloud layer with the spectral observation of visible, near infrared, thermal infrared, and oxygen A-band channels. This algorithm was applied to Advanced Earth Observing Satellite - II / Global Imager (ADEOS-II / GLI) dataset so as to retrieve global distribution of cloud geometrical properties. The retrieved results around Japan were compared with other observation such as ground-based active sensors, which suggest this algorithm works for cloud system over ocean at least although the cloud bottom height was underestimated. The underestimation is attributed to cloud inhomogeneity at this stage and should be investigated in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 October 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8890, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVIII; and Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XVI, 88900R (17 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2029169
Show Author Affiliations
Makoto Kuji, Nara Women's Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8890:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVIII; and Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XVI
Adolfo Comeron; Karin Stein; John D. Gonglewski; Evgueni I. Kassianov; Klaus Schäfer, Editor(s)

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