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Proceedings Paper

Ground-based multispectral measurements for airborne data verification in non-operating open pit mine “Kremikovtsi”
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Paper Abstract

The impact of mining industry and metal production on the environment is presented all over the world. In our research we set focus on the impact of already non-operating ferrous “Kremikovtsi”open pit mine and related waste dumps and tailings which we consider to be the major factor responsible for pollution of one densely populated region in Bulgaria. The approach adopted is based on correct estimation of the distribution of the iron oxides inside open pit mines and the neighboring regions those considered in this case to be the key issue for the ecological state assessment of soils, vegetation and water. For this study the foremost source of data are those of airborne origin and those combined with ground-based in-situ and laboratory acquired data were used for verification of the environmental variables and thus in process of assessment of the present environmental status influenced by previous mining activities. The percentage of iron content was selected as main indicator for presence of metal pollution since it could be reliably identified by multispectral data used in this study and also because the iron compounds are widely spread in the most of the minerals, rocks and soils. In our research the number of samples from every source (air, field, lab) was taken in the way to be statistically sound and confident. In order to establish relationship between the degree of pollution of the soil and mulspectral data 40 soil samples were collected during a field campaign in the study area together with GPS measurements for two types of laboratory measurements: the first one, chemical and mineralogical analysis and the second one, non-destructive spectroscopy. In this work for environmental variables verification over large areas mulspectral satellite data from Landsat instruments TM/ETM+ and from ALI/OLI (Operational Land Imager) were used. Ground-based (laboratory and in-situ) spectrometric measurements were performed using the designed and constructed in Remote Sensing Systems Department at Space Research and Technology Institute thematically oriented spectrometric system TOMS working in the 0.4-0.9 μm range of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). For proper comparison between the data obtained from the different sources mentioned spectral transformations such as normalized difference and rationing data for two wavelengths were applied in order to avoid misinterpretation. Statistically significant dependence between the various spectral transformations and the quantitative content of the iron in the different type of compounds was established. The achieved results provided evidence that methodology used could be extended to other regions of the country polluted by the mining activities and should be also tested in the region of the copper and zinc extraction. In the next step of our research we intend to use the results obtained by the multitemporal analysis of the satellite and ground-based multispectral data for the same and the similar regions of interest.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2013
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8893, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications IV, 88930V (24 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2029151
Show Author Affiliations
Denitsa Borisova, Space Research and Technology Institute (Bulgaria)
Hristo Nikolov, Space Research and Technology Institute (Bulgaria)
Doyno Petkov, Space Research and Technology Institute (Bulgaria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8893:
Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications IV
Ulrich Michel; Daniel L. Civco; Karsten Schulz; Manfred Ehlers; Konstantinos G. Nikolakopoulos, Editor(s)

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