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Proceedings Paper

Urban thermal environment and its biophysical parameters derived from satellite remote sensing imagery
Author(s): Maria A. Zoran; Roxana S. Savastru; Dan M. Savastru; Marina N. Tautan; Laurentiu V. Baschir
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Paper Abstract

In frame of global warming, the field of urbanization and urban thermal environment are important issues among scientists all over the world. This paper investigated the influences of urbanization on urban thermal environment as well as the relationships of thermal characteristics to other biophysical variables in Bucharest metropolitan area of Romania based on satellite remote sensing imagery Landsat TM/ETM+, time series MODIS Terra/Aqua data and IKONOS acquired during 1990 - 2012 period. Vegetation abundances and percent impervious surfaces were derived by means of linear spectral mixture model, and a method for effectively enhancing impervious surface has been developed to accurately examine the urban growth. The land surface temperature (Ts), a key parameter for urban thermal characteristics analysis, was also retrieved from thermal infrared band of Landsat TM/ETM+, from MODIS Terra/Aqua datasets. Based on these parameters, the urban growth, urban heat island effect (UHI) and the relationships of Ts to other biophysical parameters have been analyzed. Results indicated that the metropolitan area ratio of impervious surface in Bucharest increased significantly during two decades investigated period, the intensity of urban heat island and heat wave events being most significant. The correlation analyses revealed that, at the pixel-scale, Ts possessed a strong positive correlation with percent impervious surfaces and negative correlation with vegetation abundances at the regional scale, respectively. This analysis provided an integrated research scheme and the findings can be very useful for urban ecosystem modeling.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 October 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8887, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XV, 888721 (16 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2028718
Show Author Affiliations
Maria A. Zoran, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)
Roxana S. Savastru, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)
Dan M. Savastru, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)
Marina N. Tautan, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)
Laurentiu V. Baschir, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8887:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XV
Christopher M. U. Neale; Antonino Maltese, Editor(s)

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