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Proceedings Paper

Compositional dependent response of silica-based glasses to femtosecond laser pulse irradiation
Author(s): Thomas Seuthe; Moritz Grehn; Alexandre Mermillod-Blondin; Jörn Bonse; Markus Eberstein
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Paper Abstract

Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of inorganic glasses allows a selective modification of the optical properties with very high precision. This results in the possibility for the production of three-dimensional functional optical elements in the interior of glass materials, such as optical data storage, waveguide writing, etc. The influence of the chemical glass composition to the response upon ultrashort laser irradiation has not been studied systematically. For that, simple silicabased model glasses composed of systematically varying alkaline- and earth-alkaline components were prepared, irradiated on the surface and in the volume with single fs-laser pulses (~130 fs, 800 nm), and were subsequently analyzed by means of micro-Raman spectroscopy and quantitative phase contrast microscopy in order to account for changes in the glass structure and for alterations of the optical refractive index, respectively. The Raman spectroscopic studies of the laser-irradiated spots revealed no change in the average binding configuration (the so called Q-structure), but local changes of bond-angles and bond-lengths within the glass structure structure. Those changes are explained by structural relaxation of the glass network due to densification caused by a transient laser-induced plasma generation and the following shock wave and other thermal phenomena. Glasses with a low amount of network modifiers show changes in the Si-O network while glasses with a high amount of network modifiers react primarily via variation of the nonbridging oxygen ions. The results are discussed in terms of possible structural response mechanisms and conclusions are outlined regarding glass compositions with technical suitability for fs-laser modifications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 2013
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8885, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2013, 88850M (14 November 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2028713
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas Seuthe, Fraunhofer-Institut für Keramische Technologien und Systeme (Germany)
Moritz Grehn, Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)
Alexandre Mermillod-Blondin, Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (Germany)
Jörn Bonse, Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (Germany)
Markus Eberstein, Fraunhofer-Institut für Keramische Technologien und Systeme (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8885:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2013
Gregory J. Exarhos; Vitaly E. Gruzdev; Joseph A. Menapace; Detlev Ristau; MJ Soileau, Editor(s)

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