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Proceedings Paper

Concept and integration of an on-line quasi-operational airborne hyperspectral remote sensing system
Author(s): Hendrik Schilling; Andreas Lenz; Wolfgang Gross; Dominik Perpeet; Sebastian Wuttke; Wolfgang Middelmann
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Paper Abstract

Modern mission characteristics require the use of advanced imaging sensors in reconnaissance. In particular, high spatial and high spectral resolution imaging provides promising data for many tasks such as classification and detecting objects of military relevance, such as camouflaged units or improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Especially in asymmetric warfare with highly mobile forces, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) needs to be available close to real-time. This demands the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in combination with downlink capability. The system described in this contribution is integrated in a wing pod for ease of installation and calibration. It is designed for the real-time acquisition and analysis of hyperspectral data. The main component is a Specim AISA Eagle II hyperspectral sensor, covering the visible and near-infrared (VNIR) spectral range with a spectral resolution up to 1.2 nm and 1024 pixel across track, leading to a ground sampling distance below 1 m at typical altitudes. The push broom characteristic of the hyperspectral sensor demands an inertial navigation system (INS) for rectification and georeferencing of the image data. Additional sensors are a high resolution RGB (HR-RGB) frame camera and a thermal imaging camera. For on-line application, the data is preselected, compressed and transmitted to the ground control station (GCS) by an existing system in a second wing pod. The final result after data processing in the GCS is a hyperspectral orthorectified GeoTIFF, which is filed in the ERDAS APOLLO geographical information system. APOLLO allows remote access to the data and offers web-based analysis tools. The system is quasi-operational and was successfully tested in May 2013 in Bremerhaven, Germany.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8897, Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications VII; and Military Applications in Hyperspectral Imaging and High Spatial Resolution Sensing, 88970V (22 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2028650
Show Author Affiliations
Hendrik Schilling, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (Germany)
Andreas Lenz, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (Germany)
Wolfgang Gross, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (Germany)
Dominik Perpeet, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (Germany)
Sebastian Wuttke, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (Germany)
Wolfgang Middelmann, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8897:
Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications VII; and Military Applications in Hyperspectral Imaging and High Spatial Resolution Sensing
Gary W. Kamerman; Gary J. Bishop; John D. Gonglewski; Ove K. Steinvall, Editor(s)

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