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Proceedings Paper

On non-uniform sampling for remote sensing optical images: the METEOSAT third generation rectification case study
Author(s): Rebeca Gutiérrez; Dieter Just
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Paper Abstract

The METEOSAT Third Generation (MTG) Programme will provide the geostationary platforms for operational meteorological data acquisitions over Europe in 2018-2030. The Flexible Combined Imager (FCI) instrument is one of the MTG imager instruments and has a heritage from SEVIRI flown on the current METEOSAT Second Generation (MSG) satellites. It is a radiometer providing measurements in 16 spectral bands with a full Earth coverage every 10 minutes. For the Level 2 processing of FCI datasets the measurements have to be re-sampled on a constant reference grid in a geostationary projection – this process is referred to as rectification. The use of a three-axis stabilised platform and the scanning scheme applied to the FCI make rectification in MTG more challenging than in the MSG/SEVIRI case. Classical interpolation formulas assume a uniform sampling spacing of the measurements. However, non-uniform sampling may occur in the FCI sampling acquisition due to platform dynamics, micro-vibrations, thermo-elastic focal plane and optical distortions. In such a case, classical methods can cause significant rectification errors and interpolation algorithms, which can cope with non-uniform sampling, are required. This paper analyses the effect of non-uniform sampling in the FCI rectification process and aims to select and assess suitable resampling algorithms for the FCI L1 processing chain. Several techniques tailored to non-uniform resampling have been implemented. Performances of both uniform and non-uniform interpolation algorithms have been evaluated and compared using simulated FCI-like data samples. The analysis has been done for a nominal and a worst-case sample acquisition scenario. The presentation will show the results of our simulations with respect to the MTG requirements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 October 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8892, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIX, 889206 (17 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2028643
Show Author Affiliations
Rebeca Gutiérrez, European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Germany)
Dieter Just, European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8892:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIX
Lorenzo Bruzzone, Editor(s)

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