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Proceedings Paper

Retrievals of atmospheric CO2, CH4 and optical path modifications from the GOSAT observations
Author(s): Andrey Bril; Sergey Oshchepkov; Tatsuya Yokota; Yukio Yoshida; Isamu Morino; Osamu Uchino; Dmitry Belikov; Shamil Maksyutov
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Paper Abstract

We present satellite-based data of the column-averaged dry air mole fraction of atmospheric carbon dioxide (XCO2) and methane (XCH4), which were derived from the radiance spectra measured by Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT). We have applied new version of the Photon path-length Probability Density Function (PPDF)-based algorithm to estimate XCO2 and PPDF parameters. These parameters serve to allow for optical path modification due to atmospheric light scattering and they are retrieved simultaneously with CO2 concentration using radiance spectra from all available GOSAT short wave infrared (SWIR) bands (oxygen A-band, 1.6-μm, and 2.0-μm CO2 absorption bands). For the methane abundance, retrieved from 1.67-μm absorption band, we applied optical path correction based on PPDF parameters from 1.6-μm CO2 absorption band. Similarly to widely used CO2-proxy technique, this correction assumes identical light path modifications in 1.67-μm and 1.6-μm bands. This approach is believed to offer some advantages over the proxy technique since it does not use any prior assumptions on carbon dioxide concentrations. Both carbon dioxide and methane GOSAT retrievals were validated using ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) measurements provided by the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON). For XCO2 retrievals we found subppm station-to-station bias (GOSAT versus TCCON); single-scan precision of mostly below 2 ppm (0.5%); and correlation coefficient for the Northern Hemisphere TCCON stations above 0.8. For XCH4 retrievals over TCCON sites we found single-scan precision below 1 % and correlation coefficient above 0.8.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 October 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8890, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVIII; and Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XVI, 889008 (17 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2028486
Show Author Affiliations
Andrey Bril, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Sergey Oshchepkov, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Tatsuya Yokota, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Yukio Yoshida, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Isamu Morino, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Osamu Uchino, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Dmitry Belikov, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
National Institute of Polar Research (Japan)
Shamil Maksyutov, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8890:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVIII; and Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XVI
Adolfo Comeron; Karin Stein; John D. Gonglewski; Evgueni I. Kassianov; Klaus Schäfer, Editor(s)

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