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Proceedings Paper

A three-dimensional ultrasonic anemometer for indoor environmental applications
Author(s): Jinwei Sun; Luis Guillermo Loo Carbajal; Guo Wei
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Paper Abstract

When faced with the task of monitoring the indoor environment of a coal mine shaft, obtaining air velocity measurements is beneficial in considerations such as environmental impact, energy consumption and safety. To fulfill this demand, our research focuses on the design, construction and characterization of an economical three-dimensional ultrasonic anemometer, as well as the evaluation of its performance in combination with a Kalman filter algorithm. Our instrument was characterized using a wind tunnel in a process that included sixteen runs to both examine the distortion of the measurements caused by the sensor structure, and then to calibrate its response to changes in speed and direction of the incoming airflow, and three runs to assess the performance of the calibrated instrument. The results showed the instrument capable of obtaining wind velocity at a maximum frequency of 20Hz, with measurement accuracy of ±(5° ± 1% FS) in orientation and ±(0.8 m/s ± 4% FS) in wind speed, under reference conditions of 9 m/s wind speed and up to 15° from the horizontal wind incidence. The implementation of the Kalman filter resulted in improved accuracy of the wind direction measurement and enabled the anemometer to recursively extract the average velocity of highly-turbulent air currents.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 August 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8793, Fourth International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 87930A (9 August 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2026658
Show Author Affiliations
Jinwei Sun, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Luis Guillermo Loo Carbajal, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Guo Wei, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8793:
Fourth International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering
Jayantha A. Epaarachchi; Alan Kin-tak Lau; Jinsong Leng, Editor(s)

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