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Proceedings Paper

Processing of pure Ti by rapid prototyping based on laser cladding
Author(s): F. Arias-González; J. del Val; R. Comesaña; F. Lusquiños; F. Quintero; A. Riveiro; M. Boutinguiza; J. Pou
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Paper Abstract

Rapid prototyping based on laser cladding is an additive manufacturing (AM) process based on the overlapping of cladding tracks to produce functional components. Powder or wire are fed into a melting pool created using laser radiation as a heat source and the relative movement between the beam and the work piece makes possible to generate pieces layer-by-layer. This technique can be applied for any material which can be melted and the components can be manufactured directly according to a computer aided design (CAD) model. Additive manufacturing is particularly interesting to produce titanium components because, in this case, the loss of material produced by subtractive manufacturing methods is highly costly. Moreover, titanium and its alloys are widely used in biomedical, aircraft, chemical and marine industries due to their biocompatibility, excellent corrosion resistance and superior strength-to-weight ratio. In this research work, a near-infrared laser delivering a maximum power of 500W is used to produce pure titanium thin parts. Dimensions and surface morphology are characterized using Optical Microscopy (OM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), the hardness by nanoindentation and the composition by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The aim of this work is to establish the conditions under which satisfactory properties are obtained and to understand the relationship between microstructure/properties and deposition parameters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8785, 8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications, 878546 (18 November 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2026114
Show Author Affiliations
F. Arias-González, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)
J. del Val, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)
R. Comesaña, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)
F. Lusquiños, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)
F. Quintero, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)
A. Riveiro, Ctr. Univ. de la Defensa (Spain)
M. Boutinguiza, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)
J. Pou, Univ. de Vigo (Spain)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8785:
8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications
Manuel Filipe P. C. Martins Costa, Editor(s)

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