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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of picosecond laser sources for SiNx ablation with subsequent nickel silicide formation by excimer laser annealing (ELA) for high efficiency silicon solar cells
Author(s): S. Gall; J. Vibert; M. Pirot; J.-F. Lerat; T. Emeraud; N. Le Quang; Abdelilah Slaoui; A. Bahouka
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Paper Abstract

We compare two types of laser ablation for ARC removal on polished and textured surfaces. Selective ablation with limited impact on the underlying substrate is performed with short wavelength picosecond sources working at relatively low repetition rate (<200 kHz). By adapting wavelength and fluence, the SiNx could be removed efficiently with slight change initial topography. Crystal damage is detected whatever the laser parameters but could be reduced using low fluence in UV regime. The second ablation process uses ultra-high repetition rate picosecond laser (80 MHz) and targets both SiNx ablation and over-doping of the initial n+ emitter. The thermal effect induced by the short duration between pulses performs simultaneously SiNx removal and selective emitter structure with with deep dopant profiles and low surface concentration. We investigate the correlation between the post-ablation properties and a nickel silicidation process using Excimer Laser Annealing of a thin layer of Ni. A reference process is first described on pyramid topography without pre-ablation of SiNx. It is demonstrated efficient formation of SixNiy compounds on the silicon substrate depending and laser fluence. The similar silicidation process is transferred on sample after the SiNx ablation step. A continuous nickel silicide layer is observed but its thickness distribution reveals non-uniformity over the pyramids due to post ablation roughness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 2013
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 8826, Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Devices II, 882609 (16 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2025560
Show Author Affiliations
S. Gall, CEA, LITEN, Institut National de l'Energie Solaire (France)
J. Vibert, CEA, LITEN, Institut National de l'Energie Solaire (France)
M. Pirot, CEA, LITEN, Institut National de l'Energie Solaire (France)
J.-F. Lerat, EXCICO Group NV (Belgium)
T. Emeraud, EXCICO Group NV (Belgium)
N. Le Quang, EDF ENR PWT, Photowatt (France)
Abdelilah Slaoui, Institut d'Électronique du Solide et des Systèmes (France)
A. Bahouka, IREPA Laser (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8826:
Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Devices II
Edward W. Reutzel, Editor(s)

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