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Proceedings Paper

UVA mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles in pharmaceutical-grade heparin sodium solutions
Author(s): M. Del P. Rodríguez-Torres; L. A. Diaz -Torres; M. Olmos-López; P. Salas; Clara Gutiérrez
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Paper Abstract

A photochemical-based method in which UVA light (λ=366 nm) is used for synthesizing gold nanoparticles is presented by irradiating gold (III) chloride hydrate (HAuCl4) in the presence of pharmaceutical-grade heparin sodium (PGHEP) as a reducing and stabilizing agent in aqueous solution. Different HAuCl4 to PGHEP concentration ratios were exposed to UVA for up to seven hours. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by UV-VIS and Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and pH measurements. The synthesized AuNPs present spherical as well as anisotropic shapes, such as oval, triangular, hexagonal sheets, rods, and some other faceted forms, with dimensions ranging from 20 nm to 300 nm. All obtained products show good temporal stability in solution. Surface plasmons differ when varying HAuCl4 to PGHEP concentration ratio. The obtained samples exhibit two absorption peaks, one in the region between 500-600 nm, and another one in the near-IR between 900-1200 nm; both peaks shift to longer wavelengths and increase their absorption intensity as the HAuCl4 to PGHEP concentration ratio increase. TEM images show the change in nanoparticles yield as well as the shape and sizes change depending on HAuCl4 to PGHEP concentration ratio variation. Ph measurements suggest that acidic media promote anisotropic nanoparticle formation. Raman spectroscopy was used to find out which heparin sodium main groups attached to the nanoparticles surface, and in what amount. In summary, it is found that when modifying the reactants concentrations and keeping the UV exposition time as the only fixed parameter, different nanoparticles with distinctive characteristics can be attained.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 September 2013
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8809, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XI, 88092R (11 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024441
Show Author Affiliations
M. Del P. Rodríguez-Torres, Ctr. de Investigaciones en Óptica AC (Mexico)
L. A. Diaz -Torres, Ctr. de Investigaciones en Óptica AC (Mexico)
M. Olmos-López, Ctr. de Investigaciones en Óptica AC (Mexico)
P. Salas, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México (Mexico)
Clara Gutiérrez, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México (Mexico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8809:
Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XI
Mark I. Stockman, Editor(s)

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