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Proceedings Paper

The focusing optics x-ray solar imager (FOXSI): instrument and first flight
Author(s): Säm Krucker; Steven Christe; Lindsay Glesener; Shinnosuke Ishikawa; Brian Ramsey; Mikhail Gubarev; Shinya Saito; Tadayuki Takahashi; Shin Watanabe; Hiroyasu Tajima; Takaaki Tanaka; Paul Turin; David Glaser; Jose Fermin; Robert P. Lin
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Paper Abstract

Solar flares accelerate particles up to high energies (MeV and GeV scales for electrons and ions, respectively) through efficient acceleration processes that are not currently understood. Hard X-rays (HXRs) are the most direct diagnostic of flare-accelerated electrons. However, past and current solar HXR observers lack the necessary sensitivity and imaging dynamic range to make detailed studies of faint HXR sources in the solar corona (where particle acceleration is thought to occur); these limitations are mainly due to the indirect Fourier imaging techniques used by these observers. With greater sensitivity and dynamic range, electron acceleration sites could be systematically studied in detail. Both these capabilities can be advanced by the use of direct focusing optics. The recently own Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager (FOXSI) sounding rocket payload demonstrates the unique diagnostic power of focusing optics for observations of solar HXRs. FOXSI features grazing-incidence replicated nickel optics with ~5 arcsecond resolution and fine-pitch silicon strip detectors with a ~7.7 arcsecond strip pitch. FOXSI flew successfully on 2012 November 2, producing images and spectra of a microflare and performing a search for non-thermal emission (4{15 keV) from nanoflares occurring outside active regions in the quiet Sun. A future spacecraft version of FOXSI, featuring similar optics and detectors, could make detailed observations of HXRs from flare-accelerated electrons, identifying and characterizing particle acceleration sites and mapping out paths of energetic electrons as they leave these sites and propagate throughout the solar corona. This paper will describe the FOXSI instrument and present images from the first flight.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8862, Solar Physics and Space Weather Instrumentation V, 88620R (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024277
Show Author Affiliations
Säm Krucker, Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Univ. of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland (Switzerland)
Steven Christe, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Lindsay Glesener, Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Shinnosuke Ishikawa, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Japan)
Brian Ramsey, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Mikhail Gubarev, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Shinya Saito, Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences (Japan)
Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Tadayuki Takahashi, Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences (Japan)
Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Shin Watanabe, Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences (Japan)
Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Hiroyasu Tajima, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Takaaki Tanaka, Kyoto Univ. (Japan)
Paul Turin, Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
David Glaser, Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Jose Fermin, Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Robert P. Lin, Space Sciences Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8862:
Solar Physics and Space Weather Instrumentation V
Silvano Fineschi; Judy Fennelly, Editor(s)

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