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Proceedings Paper

Design, construction, and testing of lightweight x-ray mirror modules
Author(s): Ryan S. McClelland; Michael P. Biskach; Kai-Wing Chan; Rebecca A. Espina; Bruce R. Hohl; Elizabeth A. Matson; Timo T. Saha; William W. Zhang
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Paper Abstract

Lightweight and high resolution optics are needed for future space-based X-ray telescopes to achieve advances in highenergy astrophysics. The Next Generation X-ray Optics (NGXO) team at NASA GSFC is nearing mission readiness for a 10 arc-second Half Power Diameter (HPD) slumped glass mirror technology while laying the groundwork for a future 1-2 arc-second technology based on polished silicon mirrors. Technology Development Modules (TDMs) have been designed, fabricated, integrated with mirrors segments, and extensively tested to demonstrate technology readiness. Tests include X-ray performance, thermal vacuum, acoustic load, and random vibration. The thermal vacuum and acoustic load environments have proven relatively benign, while the random vibration environment has proven challenging due to large input amplification at frequencies above 500 Hz. Epoxy selection, surface preparation, and larger bond area have increased bond strength while vibration isolation has decreased vibration amplification allowing for space launch requirements to be met in the near term.

The next generation of TDMs, which demonstrates a lightweight structure supporting more mirror segments, is currently being fabricated. Analysis predicts superior performance characteristics due to the use of E-60 Beryllium-Oxide Metal Matrix Composite material, with only a modest cost increase. These TDMs will be larger, lighter, stiffer, and stronger than the current generation.

Preliminary steps are being taken to enable mounting and testing of 1-2 arc-second mirror segments expected to be available in the future. A Vertical X-ray Test Facility (VXTF) will minimize mirror gravity distortion and allow for less constrained mirror mounts, such as fully kinematic mounts. Permanent kinematic mounting into a modified TDM has been demonstrated to achieve 2 arc-second level distortion free alignment.


Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2013
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 8861, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VI, 88610O (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024269
Show Author Affiliations
Ryan S. McClelland, Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Michael P. Biskach, Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Kai-Wing Chan, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)
Rebecca A. Espina, Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Bruce R. Hohl, Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Elizabeth A. Matson, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Timo T. Saha, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
William W. Zhang, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8861:
Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VI
Stephen L. O'Dell; Giovanni Pareschi, Editor(s)

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