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Proceedings Paper

On the demands on imaging spectrometry for the monitoring of global vegetation fluorescence from space
Author(s): S. Kraft; U. Del Bello; M. Drusch; A. Gabriele; B. Harnisch; J. Moreno
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Paper Abstract

Vegetation fluorescence when measured from space contributes only a tiny fraction of the signal coming on top of the reflected radiance by the Earth surface and the atmosphere. As a consequence, imaging spectrometers have to provide sufficient throughput and radiometric accuracy to enable accurate global monitoring of the daily to seasonal variations of the Earth's vegetation breath, which is particularly challenging if ground resolutions of a few hundred meters are targeted. Since fluorescence retrieval algorithms have to make corrections for atmospheric effects, it is necessary to provide sufficient spectral resolution, so that signal alterations due to the main parameters such as surface pressure, atmospheric temperature profile, vertical distribution of aerosols concentration, and water vapour content can be accurately modelled. ESA’s Earth Explorer 8 candidate mission FLEX carries a Fluorescence Imaging Spectrometer (FLORIS), which has been designed and optimised to enable such measurement. The spectrometer will measure in a spectral range between 500 and 780 nm and provide high spectral resolution of 0.3 nm in particular at the Oxygen-A and -B bands. It will also cover the photochemical reflection features between 500 and 600 nm, the Chlorophyll absorption region between 600 and 677 nm, and the red-edge in the region of 697 to 755 nm. FLEX will fly in formation with Sentinel-3 in order to further enhance the spectral coverage from measurements made by the Sentinel-3 instruments OLCI and SLSTR, particularly for cloud screening and proper characterization of the atmospheric status.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8870, Imaging Spectrometry XVIII, 88700N (23 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024245
Show Author Affiliations
S. Kraft, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
U. Del Bello, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
M. Drusch, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
A. Gabriele, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
B. Harnisch, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
J. Moreno, Univ. of Valencia (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8870:
Imaging Spectrometry XVIII
Pantazis Mouroulis; Thomas S. Pagano, Editor(s)

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