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Proceedings Paper

Next generation lightweight mirror modeling software
Author(s): William R. Arnold; Matthew Fitzgerald; Rubin Jaca Rosa; H. Philip Stahl
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Paper Abstract

The advances in manufacturing techniques for lightweight mirrors, such as EXELSIS deep core low temperature fusion, Corning’s continued improvements in the Frit bonding process and the ability to cast large complex designs, combined with water-jet and conventional diamond machining of glasses and ceramics has created the need for more efficient means of generating finite element models of these structures. Traditional methods of assembling 400,000 + element models can take weeks of effort, severely limiting the range of possible optimization variables. This paper will introduce model generation software developed under NASA sponsorship for the design of both terrestrial and space based mirrors. The software deals with any current mirror manufacturing technique, single substrates, multiple arrays of substrates, as well as the ability to merge submodels into a single large model. The modeler generates both mirror and suspension system elements, suspensions can be created either for each individual petal or the whole mirror. A typical model generation of 250,000 nodes and 450,000 elements only takes 3-5 minutes, much of that time being variable input time. The program can create input decks for ANSYS, ABAQUS and NASTRAN. An archive/retrieval system permits creation of complete trade studies, varying cell size, depth, and petal size, suspension geometry with the ability to recall a particular set of parameters and make small or large changes with ease. The input decks created by the modeler are text files which can be modified by any text editor, all the shell thickness parameters and suspension spring rates are accessible and comments in deck identify which groups of elements are associated with these parameters. This again makes optimization easier. With ANSYS decks, the nodes representing support attachments are grouped into components; in ABAQUS these are SETS and in NASTRAN as GRIDPOINT SETS, this make integration of these models into large telescope or satellite models easier.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8836, Optomechanical Engineering 2013, 88360I (18 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2023509
Show Author Affiliations
William R. Arnold, Defense Acquisition, Inc. (United States)
Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. (United States)
Matthew Fitzgerald, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Rubin Jaca Rosa, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
H. Philip Stahl, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8836:
Optomechanical Engineering 2013
Alson E. Hatheway, Editor(s)

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