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Proceedings Paper

Early warning of malaria at Bikaner, Rajasthan in India using AVHRR-based satellite data
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Paper Abstract

A better understanding of the relationship between satellites observed vegetation health, and malaria epidemics could help mitigate the worldwide increase in incidence of mosquito-transmitted diseases. This research investigates last 17- years association between vegetation health (condition) index and malaria transmission in Bikaner, Rajasthan in India an arid and hot summer area. The vegetation health (condition) index, derived from a combination of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) based Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and 10-μm to 11-μm thermal radiances, was designed for monitoring moisture and thermal impacts on vegetation health. We demonstrate that thermal condition is more sensitive to malaria transmission with different seasonal malaria activities. The weekly VH indices were correlated with the epidemiological data. A good correlation was found between malaria cases and Temperature Condition Index (TCI) one at least two months earlier than the malaria transmission season. Following the results of correlation analysis, Principal Component Regression (PCR) method was used to construct a model of less than 10% error to predict malaria as a function of the TCI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 September 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8871, Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Processing IX, 88710F (24 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2022405
Show Author Affiliations
Leonid Roytman, The City Univ. of New York (United States)
Mohammad Nizamuddin, The City Univ. of New York (United States)
Kawsar Akhand, The City Univ. of New York (United States)
Felix Kogan, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (United States)
Mitchell Goldberg, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8871:
Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Processing IX
Bormin Huang; Antonio J. Plaza; Chein-I Chang, Editor(s)

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