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Proceedings Paper

MBE growth of Sb-based nBn photodetectors on large diameter GaAs substrates
Author(s): Dmitri Lubyshev; Joel M. Fastenau; Yueming Qiu; Amy W. K. Liu; Edwin J. Koerperick; Jonathon T. Olesberg; Dennis Norton; Nikolai N. Faleev; Christiana B. Honsberg
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Paper Abstract

The GaSb-based family of materials and heterostructures provides rich bandgap engineering possibilities for a variety of infrared (IR) applications. Mid-wave and long-wave IR photodetectors are progressing toward commercial manufacturing applications, but to succeed they must move from research laboratory settings to general semiconductor production and they require larger diameter substrates than the current standard 2-inch and 3-inch GaSb. Substrate vendors are beginning production of 4-inch GaSb, but another alternative is growth on 6-inch GaAs substrates with appropriate metamorphic buffer layers. We have grown generic MWIR nBn photodetectors on large diameter, 6-inch GaAs substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. Multiple metamorphic buffer architectures, including bulk GaSb nucleation, AlAsSb superlattices, and graded GaAsSb and InAlSb ternary alloys, were employed to bridge the 7.8% mismatch gap from the GaAs substrates to the GaSb-based epilayers at 6.1 Å lattice-constant and beyond. Reaching ~6.2 Å extends the nBn cutoff wavelength from 4.2 to <5 µm, thus broadening the application space. The metamorphic nBn epiwafers demonstrated unique surface morphologies and crystal properties, as revealed by AFM, high-resolution XRD, and cross-section TEM. GaSb nucleation resulted in island-like surface morphology while graded ternary buffers resulted in cross-hatched surface morphology, with low root-mean-square roughness values of ~10 Å obtained. XRD determined dislocation densities as low as 2 × 107 cm-2. Device mesas were fabricated and dark currents of 1 × 10-6 A/cm2 at 150K were measured. This work demonstrates a promising path to satisfy the increasing demand for even larger area focal plane array detectors in a commercial production environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 June 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8704, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIX, 870412 (11 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2019039
Show Author Affiliations
Dmitri Lubyshev, IQE, Inc. (United States)
Joel M. Fastenau, IQE, Inc. (United States)
Yueming Qiu, IQE, Inc. (United States)
Amy W. K. Liu, IQE, Inc. (United States)
Edwin J. Koerperick, ASL Analytical, Inc. (United States)
Jonathon T. Olesberg, ASL Analytical, Inc. (United States)
Dennis Norton, ASL Analytical, Inc. (United States)
Nikolai N. Faleev, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Christiana B. Honsberg, Arizona State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8704:
Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIX
Bjørn F. Andresen; Gabor F. Fulop; Charles M. Hanson; Paul R. Norton; Patrick Robert, Editor(s)

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