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Proceedings Paper

Context-rich semantic framework for effective data-to-decisions in coalition networks
Author(s): Keith Grueneberg; Geeth de Mel; Dave Braines; Xiping Wang; Seraphin Calo; Tien Pham
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Paper Abstract

In a coalition context, data fusion involves combining of soft (e.g., field reports, intelligence reports) and hard (e.g., acoustic, imagery) sensory data such that the resulting output is better than what it would have been if the data are taken individually. However, due to the lack of explicit semantics attached with such data, it is difficult to automatically disseminate and put the right contextual data in the hands of the decision makers. In order to understand the data, explicit meaning needs to be added by means of categorizing and/or classifying the data in relationship to each other from base reference sources. In this paper, we present a semantic framework that provides automated mechanisms to expose real-time raw data effectively by presenting appropriate information needed for a given situation so that an informed decision could be made effectively. The system utilizes controlled natural language capabilities provided by the ITA (International Technology Alliance) Controlled English (CE) toolkit to provide a human-friendly semantic representation of messages so that the messages can be directly processed in human/machine hybrid environments. The Real-time Semantic Enrichment (RTSE) service adds relevant contextual information to raw data streams from domain knowledge bases using declarative rules. The rules define how the added semantics and context information are derived and stored in a semantic knowledge base. The software framework exposes contextual information from a variety of hard and soft data sources in a fast, reliable manner so that an informed decision can be made using semantic queries in intelligent software systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 May 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8742, Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR IV, 874202 (22 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2018022
Show Author Affiliations
Keith Grueneberg, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
Geeth de Mel, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Dave Braines, IBM United Kingdom Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Xiping Wang, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
Seraphin Calo, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
Tien Pham, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8742:
Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR IV
Tien Pham; Michael A. Kolodny; Kevin L. Priddy, Editor(s)

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