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Proceedings Paper

Numerical model for DGD estimation in optical transmission system
Author(s): Jan Litvik; Daniel Benedikovic; Marc Wuilpart; Milan Dado; Michal Kuba
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we investigate the nonlinear and polarization effects in optical transmission systems and its influence on transmitted pulses. The main attention is focused on fundamental description of refractive index in nonlinear birefringent environment. In general, optical fiber is nonlinear transmission medium. The mutual interaction between transmission medium and optical intensity induces changes in the refractive index resulting to nonlinear effects that can be polarization-dependent in presence of birefringence. The global effect has a significant impact on pulse propagation. The aim of this paper is to present a numerical model, which will be suitable for estimation of DGD (Differential Group Delay) parameter in nonlinear birefringence medium. The DGD is crucial for evaluation of the impact of PMD (Polarization Mode Dispersion) in high-bit-rates fiber-optic system. Our approach opens the novel opportunity for DGD estimation based on numerical model of optical pulse propagation in nonlinear birefringence medium. Numerical model is based on solving NLSE (Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation) through the SSFM (Split-Step Fourier Method). The model is compatible for various input parameters, different kinds of optical fibers and also for different types of modulation formats. The obtained results show the DGD for different system parameters (such as input power and wavelength) and for different fiber polarization characteristics (birefringence and mode coupling). The total pulse broadening is also calculated and illustrates how all degradation effects influence the performance of fiber-optic transmission system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8772, Nonlinear Optics and Applications VII, 87720T (8 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2017163
Show Author Affiliations
Jan Litvik, Univ. of Zilina (Slovakia)
Daniel Benedikovic, Univ. of Zilina (Slovakia)
Marc Wuilpart, Univ. of Mons (Belgium)
Milan Dado, Univ. of Zilina (Slovakia)
Michal Kuba, Univ. of Zilina (Slovakia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8772:
Nonlinear Optics and Applications VII
Mario Bertolotti; Joseph Haus; Alexei M. Zheltikov, Editor(s)

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