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Proceedings Paper

Semi-empirical modeling of hysteresis compensation in magnetostrictive actuator
Author(s): Ki-Hyun Ji; Hae-Jung Park; Young-Woo Park; Norman M. Wereley
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Paper Abstract

Hysteresis causes a delayed response to a given input in a magnetostrictive actuator (MA). It becomes critical when the MA has to be controlled in precise and real-time mode. An efficient way to compensate hysteresis must be considered. The Jiles-Atherton and Preisach models have been applied mostly in the literature, but these models need complex mathematics that makes them difficult to be applied in precise and real-time mode. Thus, this paper presents a semi-empirical model to compensate hysteresis in the MA. The idea comes from the similarity of the shapes between the hysteresis-compensated input voltage to the MA, and the output voltage of R-C circuit. The respective hysteresis-compensated input voltage and R-C circuit are expressed as polynomial and exponential equations, resulting in two closed-form equations about capacitance. One set of capacitance values for each frequency is selected by simulating the derived equations. Experiments are performed to choose one capacitance value among a set of capacitance values from simulation, based on trial-and-error. The concept of the hysteresis loss is introduced and defined as the ratio of areas between the hysteretic and reference curves. It is observed that the percent change of hysteresis loss increases as the frequency increases up to 400 Hz, but decreases with further increase of the frequency up to 800 Hz. It can be concluded that the proposed approach is effective to compensate hysteresis in the MA, and that hysteresis loss definition introduced by us can be used as a helpful measure of hysteresis compensation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 April 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8689, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2013, 86890U (3 April 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2012229
Show Author Affiliations
Ki-Hyun Ji, STX Offshore & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (Korea, Republic of)
Hae-Jung Park, Chungnam National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Young-Woo Park, Chungnam National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Univ. of Maryland (United States)
Norman M. Wereley, Univ. of Maryland (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8689:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2013
Nakhiah C. Goulbourne; Hani E. Naguib, Editor(s)

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